The Population of Polotsk in the 17-18th Centuries According to Anthropological Data




 

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: The Population of Polotsk in the 17-18th Centuries According to Anthropological Data
: C.. , C.. , ..
: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGY
: 2015
: 16
: PDF
: 1 Mb
:
. The objective of our research was the complex study of the 17-
18
th century palaeoanthropological series of specimens from
Polotsk. The specimens were obtained as a result of archaeological excavations in the territory of the Polotsk fortifed settlement. These excavations yielded the skeletal remains of 48 human skeletons in various conditions. The craniological specimens from the burials represent 43 skulls: 14 male, 10 female and 19 children, 20 of which (14 male and 6 female) turned out to be suitable for measuring in accordance with the craniometric program. We also measured and subsequently analysed postcranial skeletons on the basis of robusticity and hardness indices of the long bones of arms and legs. We selected 21 skeletons of adult subjects for our osteometric study. We measured 13 male and 8 female postcranial skeletons. We have established morphological similarity between the Polotsk population and the rural population of Lukoml, which
denotes genetic relations between the townsmen and the local population of the Polotsk vicinity. The average value of intravital body length in males was
165.9 cm. and in females 155.4 cm. Males were more often characterized by a comparatively shortened forearm compared to the shoulder, according to the value of the brachial index. The male group were characterized by very flattened radii with a well pronounced interosseous crest. The females, on the contrary, had slightly flattened bones with a not very pronounced interosseous crest.

:paleoanthropology, craniology, osteology, skeletal proportions, bone robusticity, Polotsk, Belarus






: , 15 2017
: 287



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