Anthropological Study of Mesolithic Findings from Mayak: An Example of Dental Morphology Diversity



 

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: Anthropological Study of Mesolithic Findings from Mayak: An Example of Dental Morphology Diversity
: ..,  .., .,
: HUMAN EVOLUTION
: 2016
: 12
: PDF
: 2 Mb
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. This article reports the results of odontoscopical and odontometrical analyses of Mesolithic remains from Mayak (burial 3): a mandible with permanent teeth of an individual aged 20-25 years, from a paired burial in the Samara region, near to the village of Sidelkino, brought to light by excavations conducted
by archaeologist D.. Stashenkov. The morphological characteristics of the teeth from Mayak 3 were categorized into archaic and progressive groups in order to defne the evolutionary phase of these remains: archaic, interjacent or postarchaic. The ratio of various traits allowed us to describe the odontological variant from Mayak 3 as postarchaic. The samples from Mayak
3 predominantly had Western odontological trunk traits, reflecting characteristics of intraspecifc differentiation within the given regions during the Mesolithic. With reference to odontometrical indicators, there was a tendency towards a reduction in the mandibular molar mesiodistal diameter in this subject, affecting to a lesser extent vestibulolingual parameters.

: Paleoanthropology, odontology, dental morphology, Mesolithic, Mid-Volga.





: , 15 2017
: 377



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